Surface Movement Radar
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Surface Movement Radar (SMR) is radar equipment specifically designed to detect all principal features on the surface of an airport, including aircraft and vehicular traffic, and to present the entire image on a radar indicator console in the control tower. Used to augment visual observation by tower personnel of aircraft and/or vehicular movements on runways and taxi-ways.
(EUROCONTROL EATM Glossary of Terms)
The Role of SMR
In the permanent absence of visual observation of all or part of the manoeuvring area or to supplement (or in poor visibility, replace) visual observation, SMR may be utilised to:
- monitor the movement of aircraft and vehicles on the manoeuvring area;
- provide routing information to pilots and vehicle drivers as necessary; and
- provide advice and assistance for the safe and efficient movement of aircraft and vehicles on the manoeuvring area.
- Runway Incursion
- Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control System
- Methods to Show an Occupied Runway
- Low Visibility Procedures (LVP)
- ICAO Doc 9476: Manual of Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (SMGCS);
- ICAO Doc 9830: Advanced-Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (A-SMGCS) Manual;
- ICAO Doc 9426: Air Traffic Services Planning Manual.
- ICAO Doc 9870 App C - Air Traffic Control Best Practices
- European Action Plan for the Prevention of Runway Incursions App E - Air Traffic Controller Best Practices