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Controlled Flight Into Terrain
Controlled Flight into Terrain (CFIT) occurs when an airworthy aircraft under the complete control of the pilot is inadvertently flown into terrain, water, or an obstacle. The pilots are generally unaware of the danger until it is too late.
Most CFIT accidents occur in the approach and landing phase of flight and are often associated with non-precision approaches.
Many CFIT accidents occur because of loss of situational awareness, particularly in the vertical plane, and many crash sites are on the centreline of an approach to an airfield. Lack of familiarity with the approach or misreading of the approach plate are common causal factors, particularly where the approach features steps down in altitude from the initial approach fix to the final approach fix.
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Pages in category "Controlled Flight Into Terrain"
The following 34 pages are in this category, out of 34 total.
- Accident and Serious Incident Reports: CFIT
- Altimeter Setting Procedures
- Altimeter Temperature Error Correction
- Approach and Landing Accidents (ALA)
- Approach and Landing Risks
- CFIT Precursors and Defences
- Circling Approach - difference between ICAO PANS-OPS and US TERPS
- Continuous Descent Final Approach
- Controlled Flight Into Terrain
- Cross-checking Process
- Metric Altitude Reference
- Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW)
- Missed Approach
- Mitigating Risk for Non Standard Flights
- Mountainous Terrain Escape Routes
- Terrain Avoidance and Warning System (TAWS)
- Terrain Awareness
- Top 10 Stabilised Approach Considerations for Air Traffic Controllers